In recent decades, outer space has been the scene of some of humanity’s greatest discoveries, and today it is possible to better understand how many events work far from our planet, such as holes. black. With each new knowledge gained about the phenomena, the need to explore every corner of the universe and to advance studies in the region is demonstrated, as these massive structures have so much potential to tell more about the history of the world. ‘universe.
Here are some recent findings on black holes Linked to science and better understood the enormity of the mysterious galactic phenomena.
1. The light behind the black hole
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In July 2021, astronomers at Stanford University officially detected the first flashes of light behind a black hole, proving the theory that Einstein It had been suggested in mid-1915 that this phenomenon allowed the free flow of light rays around their center of mass. Until then, the signals were only observed upstream of the phenomenon, but advanced studies of eruptive gravitational lenses have identified X-ray emissions left as trails after a gamma-ray burst in the region.
2. Distortion of nearby objects
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Proposed as a heavy object capable of altering the structure of space-time, the black hole also affects countless objects approaching its horizon, expanding its dimensions as it approaches. Many of these objects, which scientists have called “G objects”, have arisen as a result of the union of two stars attracted to the center of gravity of the phenomenon, and so far six of these amazing substances have already been discovered. in Milky Way.
3. Wormholes in disguise
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Wormholes are known in science fiction as one of the main spatial mechanisms responsible for transporting people between them. parallel dimensions. However, according to astronomer Mikhail Petrovich, one of the main people responsible for finding tunnels in the universe, it is possible that scientists have already observed some of these events in the form of disguised black holes.
This is because the two regions have many similar characteristics, such as the effects of density and gravity, with the difference that the wormhole allows travelers to enter and exit its interior.
4. Black hole fusion: supermassive black hole
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Researchers believe that the collision of two black holes causes a powerful light wave that is up to a trillion times brighter than the sun. These explosions, which can occur even with more than two simultaneous regions, produce an infinite amount of gas and dust around them, and are believed to be the principle behind the formation of supermassive black holes after a chain reaction, and they join the nuclei by the strong gravitational pull between them. To date, more than 60 mergers have been registered.
5. A black hole of improbable mass
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The heaviest black hole discovered in 2020 was revealed as part of a study of possible collisions between different nuclei. In the research, scientists observed that a black hole collides with another with a mass up to 85 times the mass of the Sun, causing an unprecedented phenomenon nearly 150 times heavier than the dwarf star of the Milky Way. The find, classified as “wonderfully unexpected,” sheds light on what might have happened when the universe was half of its current life, which is around 7 billion years old.
6. Radio waves in airplanes
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In July 2021, the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) project, which includes eight radio observatories around the world, released the first images of a black hole releasing jets of radio waves. The phenomenon, which occurred in the lenticular galaxy Centaurus A, drew attention to the emission of an amount of energy far greater than that emitted by the Milky Way and marks the first time that such an event is displayed visually with such precision and clarity.